This book is about detecting and recognizing 2D objects in gray-level images. How are models constructed? How are they trained? What are the computational approaches to efficient implementation on a computer? And finally, how can some of these computations be implemented in the framework of parallel and biologically plausible neural network architectures?
Data compression is one of the most important fields and tools in modern computing. From archiving data, to CD ROMs, and from coding theory to image analysis, many facets of modern computing rely upon data compression.
This new series offers the most comprehensive views of key areas in the world of science. Each set explores all facets of the topic, offering not only descriptive and analytical information, but also cultural and ethical issues and career opportunities. This new supplement to the “Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics presents the most recent data on particle physics, a field that has seen many important breakthroughs since the publication of the parent set in 1996. The work reviews all observed and theoretical particles known to date, retracing the history of each particle’s discovery and function and covers current research; practical applications both hypothetical and actual; and provides biographical entries of significant scientists working in the field. Case studies and experiments round out the broad range of topics covered.
Nuclear and Particle Physics is an accessible, balanced introduction to the subject and provides a readable and up-to-date overview of both the theoretical and experimental aspects of nuclear and particle physics. The emphasis is on the phenomenological approach to understanding experimental phenomena.
The text opens with an introduction to the basic concepts used in nuclear and particle physics and then moves on to describe their respective phenomenologies and experimental methods. Later chapters explore the interpretation of data via models and theories, including the standard model of particle physics and the liquid drop model and shell model of nuclear physics. Several applications of nuclear physics are discussed, including nuclear medicine and the production of power from nuclear fission and fusion. The book closes with a chapter on outstanding problems, including extensions to the standard model, implications for particle astrophysics, improvements in medical imaging and the prospects for power production. Problems are included at the end of each chapter, with a full set of solutions provided.
Accessible overview of nuclear and particle physics suitable for a first course in the subject.
Chapters are supplemented by an extensive set of problems with full solutions.
Includes Appendices on some topics in quantum mechanics and relativistic kinematics.
An invaluable text for all physics and astronomy students.