**PREFACE :**

This book is about detecting and recognizing 2D objects in gray-level images. How are models constructed? How are they trained? What are the computational approaches to efficient implementation on a computer? And finally, how can some of these computations be implemented in the framework of parallel and biologically plausible neural network architectures?

# Mathematics

# 50 Math and Science Games for Leadership – Seah Wee Khee

ImageDid you like Math or Science in school? Have you played games that stimulated your thought processes for Math and Science? Trying to be creative in your Math, Science or leadership class? Can leadership be taught? Is leadership an Art or a Science or Math? Seeking to impact your training program with creative games? Continue reading

# Data Compression: The Complete Reference – David Salomon

ImageData compression is one of the most important fields and tools in modern computing. From archiving data, to CD ROMs, and from coding theory to image analysis, many facets of modern computing rely upon data compression.

# A Smoother Pebble; Mathematical Explorations – Donald C. Benson 2003

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**Summaries :**

###### Related articles

- Encyclopedia of Mathematics – James Tanton 2005 (bukubuking.wordpress.com)
- Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics – Eleanor Robson 2009 (bukubuking.wordpress.com)
- Oxford Users’ Guide to Mathematics (bukubuking.wordpress.com)
- Universal Book of Mathematics – David Darling 2004 (bukubuking.wordpress.com)
- Four Big Ideas in Algebra (MrHonner.com)
- Why Math is Boring (copingwithcomputers.com)
- Video lectures of mathematics courses available online for free (mathoverflow.net)
- It’s the math again (rwer.wordpress.com)
- Beware of “Everyday Mathematics” (parentsofpvms.wordpress.com)
- Mathematical Dimensions & The Magic of Abstract Thought (ageoflucidity.info)

# The Art of the Infinite; The Pleasures of Mathematics – Robert Kaplan 2003

Image## Book Description

*The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero*was an international best-seller, translated into eight languages.

*The Times*called it “elegant, discursive, and littered with quotes and allusions from Aquinas via Gershwin to Woolf” and

*The Philadelphia Inquirer*praised it as “absolutely scintillating.”

In this delightful new book, Robert Kaplan, writing together with his wife Ellen Kaplan, once again takes us on a witty, literate, and accessible tour of the world of mathematics. Where

*The Nothing That Is*looked at math through the lens of zero,

*The Art of the Infinite*takes infinity, in its countless guises, as a touchstone for understanding mathematical thinking. Tracing a path from Pythagoras, whose great Theorem led inexorably to a discovery that his followers tried in vain to keep secret (the existence of irrational numbers); through Descartes and Leibniz; to the brilliant, haunted Georg Cantor, who proved that infinity can come in different sizes, the Kaplans show how the attempt to grasp the ungraspable embodies the essence of mathematics. The Kaplans guide us through the “Republic of Numbers,” where we meet both its upstanding citizens and more shadowy dwellers; and we travel across the plane of geometry into the unlikely realm where parallel lines meet. Along the way, deft character studies of great mathematicians (and equally colorful lesser ones) illustrate the opposed yet intertwined modes of mathematical thinking: the

*intutionist*notion that we discover mathematical truth as it exists, and the

*formalist*belief that math is true because we invent consistent rules for it.

“Less than All,” wrote William Blake, “cannot satisfy Man.”

*The Art of the Infinite*shows us some of the ways that Man has grappled with All, and reveals mathematics as one of the most exhilarating expressions of the human imagination.

# The Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics – B. S. Everitt 2006

ImageThe Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics – B. S. Everitt 2006

If you work with data and need easy access to clear, reliable definitions and explanations of modern statistical and statistics-related concepts, then look no further than this dictionary. Nearly 4000 terms are defined, covering medical, survey, theoretical, and applied statistics, including computational and graphical aspects. Entries are provided for standard and specialized statistical software. In addition, short biographies of over 100 important statisticians are given. Definitions provide enough mathematical detail to clarify concepts and give standard formula when these are helpful. The majority of definitions then give a reference to a book or article where the user can seek further or more specialized information, and many are accompanied by graphical material to aid understanding.

# Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics – Eleanor Robson 2009

ImageOxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics – Eleanor Robson 2009

**Summaries :**

# Universal Book of Mathematics – David Darling 2004

ImageUniversal Book of Mathematics – David Darling 2004

**Summaries :**

This unique, one-stop, A-to-Z resource is packed with more than 1,800 entries that cover everything from nuts-and-bolts math to the most arcane unsolved theorems, from profiles of notable mathematicians to intriguing puzzles, challenging games, and even math humor.

The noted astronomer and celebrated author David Darling has always been inspired by the impact of mathematics on the imagination. He has, therefore, taken this opportunity to expound on every significant number, shape, ratio, dimension, theorem, conjecture, set, and paradox in the mathematical universe. And he provides more in-depth information than the entire current crop of math dictionaries combined!

You’ll find stimulating discussions on the search for a fourth dimension and its impact on such authors as H. G. Wells and Edwin Abbott; the reality of imaginary numbers; parallel universes; and patterns in the heart of chaos. You’ll also discover the number that infects the whole of mathematics and places fundamental limits on what we can know; the “cloud” that surrounds every real number; and how to marry a sultan’s daughter.

The Universal Book of Mathematics is fully cross-referenced and brimming with all of the history, science, and numerical magic you need to make sense of everything from nothing to an infinite number of infinities. Whether you’re an amateur mathematician, a recreational math buff, or a dedicated student of numbers, this is the helpful resource, the entertaining pastime, and the indispensable reference you’ve been waiting for. “GoogleBooks”

# Encyclopedia of Mathematics – James Tanton 2005

ImageEncyclopedia of Mathematics – James Tanton 2005

**Summaries :**

“Encyclopedia of Mathematics is a useful reference providing current and accurate information on the subject for high school and college students. Comprehensive coverage includes significant discoveries in mathematics, in addition to definitions of basic terms, thought-provoking essays, and capsule biographies of notable scientists in mathematics – all presenting a wide range of valuable information compiled into a single source. Written in easy-to-understand language, the encyclopedia explains the importance of mathematics to society and includes summaries of notable events throughout history related to the subject.”.

“Featuring more than 800 cross-referenced entries, the encyclopedia includes six essays, interspersed throughout the text, that discuss the evolution of algebra and equations, calculus, functions, geometry, probability and statistics, and trigonometry. The encyclopedia also includes three helpful appendixes – bibliographies and Web resources, a chronology of notable discoveries in mathematics, and an extensive list of associations that provide information about mathematics – as well as a comprehensive index.” “Encyclopedia of Mathematics is an indispensable resource that will meet the specific demands of students, interested laypeople, and professionals who need accurate and straightforward information on historical or current issues in mathematics.”–BOOK JACKET.

# Encyclopedia of Trigonometry – Andrew Barnes 2007

ImageEncyclopedia of Trigonometry – Andrew Barnes 2007

**Summaries :**

” Introduction” In Simple Terms” Radian and Degree Measure” Trigonometric Angular Functions” Right Angle Trigonometry” Properties of the cosine and sine functions” Taylor series approximations for the trig. functions” Inverse Trigonometric Functions” Applications and Models” Verifying Trigonometric Identities” Solving Trigonometric Equations” Sum and Difference Formulas” Additional Topics in Trigonometry” Solving Triangles” Vectors in the Plane” Trigonometric Identities” History of trigonometry” Common formulae” Exact trigonometric constants” Pythagorean theorem

# Illustrated Maths Dictionary – Judith de Klerk 2007

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This fourth edition of the best-selling Illustrated Maths Dictionary is a comprehensive update of the most thorough mathematics dictionary for primary school students, student teachers and teachers in Australia. It features a new design, new illustrations and the addition of computer terminology in the useful information section. The new edition comes with an electronic version of the dictionary for use on your computer.

# Oxford Users’ Guide to Mathematics

ImageEberhard Zeidler, W. Hackbusch, Hans Rudolf Schwarz, Bruce Hunt

**Synopsis :**

The Oxford Users’ Guide to Mathematics is one of the leading handbooks on mathematics available. It presents a comprehensive modern picture of mathematics and emphasises the relations between the different branches of mathematics, and the applications of mathematics in engineering and the natural sciences. The Oxford User’s Guide covers a broad spectrum of mathematics starting with the basic material and progressing on to more advanced topics that have come to the fore in the last few decades. The book is organised into mathematical sub-disciplines including analysis, algebra, geometry, foundations of mathematics, calculus of variations and optimisation, theory of probability and mathematical statistics, numerical mathematics and scientific computing, and history of mathematics. The book is supplemented by numerous tables on infinite series, special functions, integrals, integral transformations, mathematical statistics, and fundamental constants in physics. It also includes a comprehensive bibliography of key contemporary literature as well as an extensive glossary and index. The wealth of material, reaching across all levels and numerous sub-disciplines, makes The Oxford User’s Guide to Mathematics an invaluable reference source for students of engineering, mathematics, computer science, and the natural sciences, as well as teachers, practitioners, and researchers in industry and academia.